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TMCNet:  U.S. Patents Awarded to Inventors in Washington (Feb. 27)

[February 27, 2013]

U.S. Patents Awarded to Inventors in Washington (Feb. 27)

(Targeted News Service Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) Targeted News Service Targeted News Service ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- The following federal patents were awarded to inventors in Washington.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,434) developed by Norbert P. Kusters, Woodinville, Wash., Benjamin A. Leis, Seattle, and Mark J. Zbikowski, Woodinville, Wash., for "optimizing defragmentation operations in a differential snapshotter." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method for establishing and maintaining a differential snapshot of a set of files stored on a volume is disclosed. The invention achieves processing time and disk space optimizations by avoiding copy-on-write operations for logically insignificant moves of blocks, such as the block rearrangements characteristic of defragmentation utilities. A file system enhancement enabling the passing of a block copy command from the file system to lower-level drivers, is used to inform the snapshotter that a block move operation is not logically meaningful. When the logically insignificant move is of a block whose data forms part of the data captured in the snapshot virtual volume, and when the move is to a block location that is functioning as logical free space, the snapshotter can simply modify its block bitmap and update translation table entries without needing to perform a copy-on-write." The patent application was filed on Dec. 23, 2009 (12/646,640). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,386,434&OS=8,386,434&RS=8,386,434 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.


*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Scalable Policy-based Database Synchronization of Scopes ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,423) developed by Jeffrey B. Parham, Redmond, Wash., and Mark R. Brown, Seattle, for "scalable policy-based database synchronization of scopes." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Embodiments are directed to synchronizing scopes between a source database and a target database without the target database specifying each scope that is to be synchronized and to determining scope changes based on service subscriptions. In one scenario, a source database receives from a target database a synchronization scopes policy corresponding to scope criteria provided by the target database. The synchronization scopes policy includes both the scope criteria and a version identifier that together identify a point-in-time snapshot of the set of scopes meeting the scope criteria as of the latest synchronization. The source database resolves the set of scopes last synchronized from the source database to the target database based on the synchronization scopes policy's scope criteria and version identifier. The source database synchronizes to the target database the changes to data in the resolved set of scopes." The patent application was filed on May 28, 2010 (12/790,330). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,386,423&OS=8,386,423&RS=8,386,423 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,556) developed by Nicholas A. Allen, Redmond, Wash., and John A. Taylor, Bellevue, Wash., for "composing message processing pipelines." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The present invention extends to methods, systems, and computer program products for composing message processing pipelines. Embodiments utilize intra-pipeline communication links to physically and/or temporally decouple pipeline stages, configure branching message flows, and bridge protocols. The use of intra-pipeline communication links permits composition of a message processing pipeline without having to alter the pipeline components or application. Each communication link is itself an application with incoming and outgoing message processing pipelines that bridge messages across time and/or space and application logic for satisfying message processing requirements." The patent application was filed on Feb. 16, 2011 (13/028,854). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,86,556.PN.&OS=PN/83,86,556&RS=PN/83,86,556 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Boeing Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Boeing, Chicago, has been assigned a patent (8,386,478) developed by Yanxin Emily Wang, Sammamish, Wash., for "methods and systems for unobtrusive search relevance feedback." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Methods and systems for receiving feedback from a user regarding the relevance of search results to a search query are provided. The method includes presenting at least one search result responsive to a search query by the user, selecting ones of the at least one search result that are determined by the user to be relevant to the search query, and increasing a relevance ranking of the selected search results in future searches based on the determination." The patent application was filed on March 7, 2007 (11/683,273). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,86,478.PN.&OS=PN/83,86,478&RS=PN/83,86,478 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Yahoo! Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Yahoo!, Sunnyvale, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,386,507) developed by six co-inventors for "efficient caching for dynamic webservice queries using cachable fragments." The co-inventors are Rajiv Puranik, Cupertino, Calif., Jay Ramamurthi, San Jose, Calif., ChyrSong Ting, San Marcos, Calif., Scott Haynie, Santa Monica, Calif., Timothy R. McCune, Santa Monica, Calif., and Sandeep Kumar, Issaquah, Wash.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method and apparatus for intelligent caching is provided. A thin layer of business logic on a web server receives URL requests sent to the web server from clients and resolves the URLs into URLs corresponding to component parts of the requested document according to the rules of a rule set. Thus only the component resources of a composite document are cached in the web server's caching layer. The rule set defines a format for the requests sent to the web server, the manner in which properly formatted requests should be resolved, and the manner in which the component resources should be assembled into the composite document." The patent application was filed on May 11, 2011 (13/105,746). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,86,507.PN.&OS=PN/83,86,507&RS=PN/83,86,507 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Amazon Technologies Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Amazon Technologies, Reno, Nev., has been assigned a patent (8,386,509) developed by Christopher L. Scofield, Seattle, Elmore Eugene Pope, Sammamish, Wash., and Brad E. Marshall, Bainbridge Island, Wash., for a "method and system for associating search keywords with interest spaces." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method and system for associating search keywords with interest spaces. According to one embodiment, a method may include detecting a request to access a given online content source, where the request includes referral information specifying one or more search keywords associated with the given online content source, where the given online content source is one of a plurality of online content sources included within an interest space, and where the interest space is identified dependent upon indications of user navigation activity among the plurality of online content sources. The method may further include extracting the one or more search keywords from the request and creating an association of the one or more search keywords with the interest space." The patent application was filed on June 30, 2006 (11/479,225). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,86,509.PN.&OS=PN/83,86,509&RS=PN/83,86,509 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Amazon Technologies Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Amazon Technologies, Reno, Nev., has been assigned a patent (8,386,540) developed by Grant A. M. McAlister, Seattle, Swaminathan Sivasubramanian, Seattle, and Rajesh S. Sheth, Bellevue, Wash., for a "scalable relational database service." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "System and methods for providing a Scalable Relational Database Service (SRDBS) are disclosed. SRDBS may allow a subscriber to lease/rent a virtual relational database (a.k.a. namespace) with a specified allocation of disk space, CPU resources and/or I/O resources. The namespace may resemble a physical RDBMS, and may allow client applications to perform SQL queries. SRDBS may partition a subscriber's database across multiple database servers automatically and may replicate each partition automatically. SRDBS may provide automatic routing of client queries to the appropriate database server holding the required data. The routing process may mask temporary data outages due to database replica failures, network failures, and/or repartitioning operations. SRDBS may employ partition maps to convey the location of data to client-side routing functions. These partition maps may use a multi-versioning scheme. SRDBS may provide a resource isolation mechanism that limits the resource utilization of each namespace to its specified allocation." The patent application was filed on March 31, 2008 (12/059,723). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,86,540.PN.&OS=PN/83,86,540&RS=PN/83,86,540 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Dynamically Splitting Multi-tenant Databases ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,501) developed by seven co-inventors for "dynamically splitting multi-tenant databases." The co-inventors are Jason Cahill, Woodinville, Wash., Alexander Hopmann, Seattle, Eric Fox, Seattle, Balinder Malhi, Redmond, Wash., Zach Rosenfield, Seattle, Marc Keith Windle, Woodinville, Wash., and Patrick Simek, Redmond, Wash.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An online service includes managed databases that include one or more tenants (e.g. customers, users). A multi-tenant database may be split between two or more databases while the database being split continues processing requests. For example, web servers continue to request operations on the database while content is being moved. After moving the content, tenant traffic is automatically redirected to the database that contains the tenant's content." The patent application was filed on Oct. 20, 2010 (12/908,639). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,86,501.PN.&OS=PN/83,86,501&RS=PN/83,86,501 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Database Corruption Recovery Systems and Methods ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,440) developed by David B. Lomet, Redmond, Wash., and Roger S. Barga, Bellevue, Wash., for "database corruption recovery systems and methods." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The subject invention pertains to data store corruption recovery. More specifically, the invention concerns systems and methods for identifying corrupt data in a manner that prevents de-committing or removal of valid or consistent transactions from a database. This can be accomplished at least in part by logging the identities of data items that a transaction reads. Furthermore, the subject invention provides for employment of a multi-version (or transaction-time) database to reduce significantly reduce any down time or database unavailability caused by a corrupt transaction and associated corrupt data items. Accordingly, no backups need to be installed and only updates by the original corrupt transaction and transactions that read corrupt data need to be de-committed or removed." The patent application was filed on May 10, 2005 (11/125,806). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,86,440.PN.&OS=PN/83,86,440&RS=PN/83,86,440 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Foreign-key Detection ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,529) developed by Surajit Chaudhuri, Redmond, Wash., Vivek R. Narasayya, Redmond, Wash., and Zhimin Chen, Redmond, Wash., for a foreign-key detection.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "This patent application relates to foreign-key detection. One implementation obtains a set of data tables. This implementation automatically determines foreign-key relationships of columns from separate tables of the set." The patent application was filed on Feb. 21, 2010 (12/709,508). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,86,529.PN.&OS=PN/83,86,529&RS=PN/83,86,529 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** International Business Machines Assigned Patent for Providing Increased Quality of Content to a User over Time ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- International Business Machines, Armonk, N.Y., has been assigned a patent (8,386,483) developed by four co-inventors for "providing increased quality of content to a user over time." The co-inventors are John Edward Boyer, Seattle, Peter Alan Coldicott, Austin, Texas, Edward Emile Kelley, Wappingers Falls, N.Y., and Eoin Lane, Littleton, Mass.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Increasing quality of content provided to a user is provided. Communities of practice a user is associated with are determined based on login data. A corresponding set of tags is retrieved for each of the communities of practice. All corresponding sets of tags are aggregated to define a role for the user. A personal set of tags associated with the user is retrieved. The personal set of tags is added to the aggregate of all corresponding sets of tags to create a new set of tags. A context of the user in the particular task is recorded. The new set of tags is filtered based on the context to create a sub-set of tags. A defined number of tag aware information sources are queried using the sub-set of tags. Content is received from the defined number of tag aware information sources based on the query. The content is outputted." The patent application was filed on Oct. 22, 2009 (12/604,204). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,86,483.PN.&OS=PN/83,86,483&RS=PN/83,86,483 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Symantec Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Symantec, Mountain View, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,386,438) developed by Louis Beatty, Ormond, Fla., Steven R. DeVos, Kirkland, Wash., and Deepak Saraf, Windermere, Fla., for a "method for restoring data from a monolithic backup." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A computer system and methods for restoring data from a copy of a database file. The method includes receiving a request to restore an item from the copy of the database file. The item includes a file and associated context information describing the file in a first intranet portal application environment. The method further includes retrieving a schema including the item from the copy of the database file and generating an item file comprising a copy of the file. The item file is independent of the context information. The method further includes generating a metadata file based on the context information, associating the metadata file with the item file, storing the item file and associated metadata file in a file system, and restoring the item to a second intranet portal application or to a third application via the file system." The patent application was filed on March 19, 2009 (12/407,630). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=83,86,438.PN.&OS=PN/83,86,438&RS=PN/83,86,438 Written by Amal Ahmed; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Advanced Micro Devices Assigned Patent for I/O Memory Management Unit Including Multilevel Address Translation for I/O and Computation Offload ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Advanced Micro Devices, Sunnyvale, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,386,745) developed by Andrew G. Kegel, Redmond, Wash., and Mark D. Hummel, Franklin, Mass., for an "I/O memory management unit including multilevel address translation for I/O and computation offload." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An input/output memory management unit (IOMMU) configured to control requests by an I/O device to a system memory includes control logic that may perform a two-level guest translation to translate an address associated with an I/O device-generated request using translation data stored in the system memory. The translation data includes a device table having a number of entries. The control logic may select the device table entry for a given request by the using a device identifier that corresponds to the I/O device that generates the request. The translation data may also include a first set of I/O page tables including a set of guest page tables and a set of nested page tables. The selected device table entry for the given request may include a pointer to the set of guest translation tables, and a last guest translation table includes a pointer to the set of nested page tables." The patent application was filed on July 24, 2009 (12/508,882). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,386,745&OS=8,386,745&RS=8,386,745 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Cray Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Cray, Seattle, has been assigned a patent (8,386,750) developed by six co-inventors for a "multiprocessor system having processors with different address widths and method for operating the same." The co-inventors are Michael Parker, San Jose, Calif., Timothy J. Johnson, Chippewa Falls, Wis., Laurence S. Kaplan, Seattle, Steven L. Scott, Eau Claire, Wis., Robert Alverson, Seattle, and Skef Iterum, Madison, Wis.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A multiprocessor computer system has a plurality of first processors having a first addressable memory space, and a plurality of second processors having a second addressable memory space. The second addressable memory space is of a different size than the first addressable memory space, and the first addressable memory space and second addressable memory space comprise a part of the same common address space." The patent application was filed on Oct. 31, 2008 (12/263,321). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,386,750&OS=8,386,750&RS=8,386,750 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** International Business Machines Assigned Patent for Secure Workload Partitioning in a Server Environment ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- International Business Machines, Armonk, N.Y., has been assigned a patent (8,387,114) developed by Jean-Philippe Sugarbroad, Seattle, for a "secure workload partitioning in a server environment." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Generally speaking, systems, methods and computer program products for creating a secure workload partition in a server environment are disclosed. Embodiments of the method may include creating, for a process associated with a client network service, a secure workload partition within a logical partition executing in a server environment having a root partition where the secure workload partition has no network interfaces and no communication with any other workload partitions within the logical partition. Embodiments of the method may also include establishing an alternative network connection for the process within the created secure workload partition without establishing a network interface for the secure workload partition and without establishing communication with any other workload partitions within the logical partition. Embodiments of the method may also include executing the process within the secure workload partition to provide the client network service." The patent application was filed on Jan. 2, 2009 (12/348,046). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,114&OS=8,387,114&RS=8,387,114 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Segmented Media Content Rights Management ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,387,150) developed by Patrik Schnell, Issaquah, Wash., for a "segmented media content rights management." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Segmented media content rights management is described. A media device can receive segments of protected media content from media content streams that each include a different version of the protected media content. A media content file can be generated to include the segments of the protected media content that are sequenced to render the protected media content for viewing. A file header object can be instantiated in a file header of the media content file, where the file header object includes DRM-associated features, such as one or more DRM licenses, properties, and/or attributes that correspond to the media content file to provision all of the segments of the protected media content together." The patent application was filed on June 27, 2008 (12/163,991). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,150&OS=8,387,150&RS=8,387,150 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Palo Alto Research Center Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Palo Alto Research Center, Palo Alto, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,387,124) developed by Diana K. Smetters, Belmont, Calif., Trevor F. Smith, Seattle, and Kyung-Hee Lee, Kyeonggi-Do, South Korea, for "wormhole devices for usable secure access to remote resource." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A token has a memory, an interface allow connection to a host, and a processor. The processor, in response to user input for configuring a remote access connection, executes a first set of processing instructions to establish a trusted connection with the server host, exchanges credentials over the trusted connection to establish a secure connection with the server host over an untrusted connection, and defines configuration information for accessing user selected data or services. The processor, in response to user input received in a legacy environment, executes a second set of processing instructions that includes establishing, over an untrusted connection, a secure connection with the server host using the security credentials, configuring the secure connection for access to the data or services, making the data or services available in the legacy environment, and defends against attempted access to data or services available at the token other than the data or services made available in the legacy environment." The patent application was filed on May 4, 2007 (11/744,451). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,124&OS=8,387,124&RS=8,387,124 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** University of Washington Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- The University of Washington, Seattle, has been assigned a patent (8,387,122) developed by six co-inventors for an "access control by testing for shared knowledge." The co-inventors are Michael Toomim, Seattle, James Fogarty, Seattle, James Landay, Seattle, Nathan Morris, Seattle, Xianhang Zhang, Seattle, and Tadayoshi Kohno, Seattle.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Access to resource(s) intended to be shared with specific groups of individuals is controlled using concise tests of shared knowledge instead of (or in addition) to accounts and access control lists. Users can readily learn the concept and choose questions that will control the access by the desired group with little effort. Such questions can be relatively secure to guesses by those not intended to have access, particularly if the number of allowed guesses is relatively limited. Users can generally predict the security of their questions, but sometimes underestimate the ability of attackers to use Web searching or enumeration to discover answers. In such cases, the system can automatically discover weak questions and then suggest alternatives. By lowering the threshold to access control, shared knowledge tests can enable more types of information to acquire collaborative value on the Internet and on other types of networks." The patent application was filed on May 14, 2009 (12/466,242). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,122&OS=8,387,122&RS=8,387,122 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** AT&T Mobility II Assigned Patent for System and Method for Radio Frequency Intrusion Detection ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- AT&T Mobility II, Atlanta, has been assigned a patent (8,387,142) developed by Bruce Christofferson, Camano Island, Wash., and Michael Demblewski, Celebration, Fla., for a "system and method for radio frequency intrusion detection." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A system to detect and analyze RF signals utilizes a data structure storing RF signatures indicating characteristics of known authorized and/or unauthorized RF transmissions. When an RF signal is detected, certain analysis characteristics are extracted from the RF signal and analyzed with respect to the stored RF signatures to determine whether the RF transmission is authorized or unauthorized. In the event of an unauthorized RF transmission, the system generates an alarm condition to alert the user to an RF intrusion and may further log data related to the intruder transmission. Known techniques may be used to determine the location of the RF intrusion within a defined area of operations." The patent application was filed on Aug. 21, 2008 (12/196,046). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,142&OS=8,387,142&RS=8,387,142 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Attested Content Protection ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,387,152) developed by four co-inventors for an attested content protection. The co-inventors are Kenneth D. Ray, Seattle, Nathan T. Lewis, Monroe, Wash., Matthew C. Setzer, Woodinville, Wash., and David R. Wooten, Redmond, Wash.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Computer systems and environments implemented herein permit a local machine increased participation in authorizing access to protected content. An operating system attests to a computing environment at a corresponding computer system. If the computing environment is one permitted to access protected content, the operating system is permitted to regulate further (e.g., application) access to protected content in accordance with a procreation policy. As such, authorization decisions are partially distributed, easing the resource burden on a content protection server. Accordingly, this computing environment can facilitate more robust and efficient authorization decisions when access to protected content is requested." The patent application was filed on June 27, 2008 (12/163,426). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,152&OS=8,387,152&RS=8,387,152 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Thread Scanning and Patching to Disable Injected Malware Threats ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,387,139) developed by four co-inventors for a "thread scanning and patching to disable injected malware threats." The co-inventors are Michael S. Jarrett, Kirkland, Wash., Adrian M. Marinescu, Sammamish, Wash., Marius Gheorghe Gheorghescu, Redmond, Wash., and George C. Chicioreanu, Redmond, Wash.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An arrangement for scanning and patching injected malware code that is executing in otherwise legitimate processes running on a computer system is provided in which malware code is located in the memory of processes by extracting the start addresses of processes' threads and then searching near these addresses. Additional blocks of code in memory that are invoked by the code identified by each start address are also identified and the blocks are then matched against scanning signatures associated with known malware threads. If the entire signature can be matched against a subset of the blocks, then the thread is determined to be infected. The infected thread is suspended and in-memory modifications are performed to patch the injected code to render it harmless. The thread can be resumed or terminated to disable the protection mechanisms of the malware without causing any harm to the process in which the thread is injected." The patent application was filed on Feb. 4, 2008 (12/025,142). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,139&OS=8,387,139&RS=8,387,139 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Intel Assigned Patent for Systems, Methods, and Apparatuses for Transmitting Data Mask Bits to a Memory Device ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Intel, Santa Clara, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,386,676) developed by Kuljit S. Bains, Olympia, Wash., for "systems, methods, and apparatuses for transmitting data mask bits to a memory device." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Embodiments of the invention are generally directed to systems, methods, and apparatuses for transferring data mask bits to a memory device. In some embodiments, an integrated circuit includes logic to issue a partial write command to a memory device. In addition, the integrated circuit may include logic to transfer a write frame to the volatile memory device over an N bit wide data bus, wherein the write frame includes one or more data mask bits to be transferred over the N bit wide data bus." The patent application was filed on June 5, 2007 (11/758,248). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,386,676&OS=8,386,676&RS=8,386,676 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Access Control State Determination Based on Security Policy and Secondary Access Control State ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,387,109) developed by four co-inventors for an "access control state determination based on security policy and secondary access control state." The co-inventors are Octavian T. Ureche, Renton, Wash., Alex M. Semenko, Issaquah, Wash., Ping Xie, Redmond, Wash., and Sai Vinayak, Redmond, Wash.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "In accordance with one or more aspects, a current security policy for accessing a device or volume of a computing device is identified. A secondary access control state for the device or volume is also identified. An access state for the device is determined based on both the current security policy and the secondary access control state." The patent application was filed on Oct. 23, 2008 (12/256,742). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,109&OS=8,387,109&RS=8,387,109 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Smart Scheduler ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,387,051) developed by Hari S. Narayan, Bellevue, Wash., Sivaprasad V. Padisetty, Redmond, Wash., and Venkata S.S. Remany, Redmond, Wash., for a smart scheduler.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A smart scheduler is provided to prepare a machine for a job, wherein the job has specific requirements, i.e., dimensions. One or more config jobs are identified to configure the machine to meet the dimensions of the job. Information concerning the machine's original configuration and groupings of config jobs that change the machine's configuration are cached in a central storage. The smart scheduler uses information in the central storage to identify a suitable machine and one or more config jobs to configure the machine to meet the dimensions of a job. The smart scheduler schedules a run for the config jobs on the machine." The patent application was filed on March 14, 2011 (13/047,536). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,051&OS=8,387,051&RS=8,387,051 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Symbolic Runtime Checking of Quantified Contracts ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,387,021) developed by five co-inventors for "symbolic runtime checking of quantified contracts." The co-inventors are Dries Vanoverberghe, Redmond, Wash., Nikolai Tillmann, Redmond, Wash., Jonathan Paul de Halleux, Seattle, Nikolaj S. Bjorner, Woodinville, Wash., and Wolfram Schulte, Redmond, Wash.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An extension of symbolic execution for programs involving contracts with quantifiers over large and potentially unbounded domains is described. Symbolic execution is used to generate, from a program, concrete test cases that exhibit mismatches between the program code and its contracts with quantifiers. Quantifiers are instantiated using symbolic values encountered during a set of exhibited runs. In this setting, quantifier instantiation is limited to values supplied to or produced by a symbolic execution. Quantifier instantiation is controlled by performing a matching algorithm that uses run-time values of input and program variables in order to guide and limit the set of quantifier instantiations. With a sufficient set of instances, test cases are derived that directly witness limitations of the auxiliary assertions." The patent application was filed on Sept. 26, 2008 (12/239,526). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,021&OS=8,387,021&RS=8,387,021 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Whitebox Trace Fuzzing ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,387,016) developed by Nikolai Tillmann, Redmond, Wash., and Jonathan Paul de Halleux, Seattle, for a whitebox trace fuzzing.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Disclosed is a process to generate and execute relevant, non-redundant test cases starting with an execution trace. An execution trace may be collected. A sequence of actions and the data involved in the actions may then be extracted from the execution trace and persisted separately from one another. Code for a non-deterministic program ("NDP") may be generated, comprising the sequence of actions but without determining the data. A systematic program analysis of the NDP may be made, exploring possible execution paths and beginning from the path exercised by the persisted data. A new test case may be generated which fixes particular test inputs for the NDP." The patent application was filed on May 1, 2009 (12/434,558). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,016&OS=8,387,016&RS=8,387,016 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Compositional Application Programming Interface and Literal Syntax ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,387,004) developed by four co-inventors for a "compositional application programming interface and literal syntax." The co-inventors are Brian C. Beckman, Newcastle, Wash., Henricus Johannes Maria Meijer, Mercer Island, Wash., Danny Van Velzen, Redmond, Wash., and Evgueni Zabokritski, Remond, Wash.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A compositional application programming interface (API) permits non-sequential construct declaration independent of other API calls. A wrapper is applied to an imperative API to provide a compositional interface that enables arbitrary and autonomous construct declaration. Additionally, a literal syntax (e.g., code literals, graphic literals . . . ) affords a convenient declaration mechanism for such constructs." The patent application was filed on Feb. 9, 2007 (11/673,149). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,004&OS=8,387,004&RS=8,387,004 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Scalable Automated Empirical Testing of Media Files on Media Players ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,387,015) developed by Russell D. Christensen, Redmond, Wash., Jun Ma, Bellevue, Wash., and Thomas M. Soemo, Redmond, Wash., for a "scalable automated empirical testing of media files on media players." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Scalable empirical testing of media file playback utilizes test hooks in each media player to support simulated human interaction and playback monitoring. A media crawler catalogs media files accumulated in a media file database to create a wordlist. One or more scalable instances of media tester accesses the wordlist to select items of work linked to media files. Work items and/or operating modes of media tester specify test parameters such as performance profiles or further define testing such as specifying repetitious playback on one or more media players. Media files are downloaded to and played by a scalable number of media players. Playback performance is monitored, analyzed and reported. Failure reports are accompanied by instructions to reproduce failures and cross-references to content or source code in media files. Failures can be audited by additional work items for follow-up testing." The patent application was filed on Jan. 31, 2008 (12/023,330). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,015&OS=8,387,015&RS=8,387,015 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Cypress Semiconductor Assigned Patent for Graphical User Assignable Register Map ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Cypress Semiconductor, San Jose, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,387,019) developed by Kenneth Y. Ogami, Bothell, Wash., and Doug Anderson, Edmonds, Wash., for a "graphical user assignable register map." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A design tool provides a graphical user assignable register map. The design tool graphically displays a register map that indicates locations of system variables in a memory of a processing device for an embedded application. The design tool further provides a user interface element for a user to arrange an order of the system variables in the register map." The patent application was filed on Feb. 14, 2007 (11/707,178). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,387,019&OS=8,387,019&RS=8,387,019 Written by Satyaban Rath; edited by Hemanta Panigrahi.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Method and Apparatus for Providing Process Guidance ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,931) developed by Sam Guckenheimer, Kirkland, Wash., for a "method and apparatus for providing process guidance." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A context-sensitive process guidance system provides process guidance based on context data from a system used in performing the process. The system may be a work item tracking system or similar project management tool. Process guidance may provide information to a user performing actions related to a process. Context data may be derived from various sources, including the state of an application at the time of the request for process guidance, the user making the request and the role assigned to that user in the process, or the data displayed for the user who made the request. The context-sensitive process guidance system may display context-sensitive process guidance content and provide links to related process guidance content based on the context data." The patent application was filed on April 15, 2005 (11/106,765). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,386,931.PN.&OS=PN/8,386,931&RS=PN/8,386,931 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Declaratively Composable Dynamic Interface Framework ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,947) developed by Eddie Fusaro, Sammamish, Wash., Shankar Balakrishnan, Bellevue, Wash., and John Elsbree, Bellevue, Wash., for a "declaratively composable dynamic interface framework." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An interface framework enables dynamic generation of a user interface for browsing online media content. The interface can be modified based on changing one or more configuration or data files rather than making changes to code. The files contain interface content, interface configuration parameters and content category information. The framework retrieves a collection of content corresponding to a category, configures the interface based on a set of parameters and the retrieved content, and provides the interface to a remote device. When the files used to generate the interface are modified, the interface provided by the framework thereafter is changed. As a result, the interface may be changed without modifying or adding any code or markup within the framework." The patent application was filed on Jan. 18, 2008 (12/016,559). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,386,947.PN.&OS=PN/8,386,947&RS=PN/8,386,947 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Methods for Automated and Semiautomated Composition of Visual Sequences, Flows, and Flyovers Based on Content and Context ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,946) developed by Eric J. Horvitz, Kirkland, Wash., and Raman K. Sarin, Redmond, Wash., for "methods for automated and semiautomated composition of visual sequences, flows, and flyovers based on content and context." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A system with the ability to dynamically compose a sequence of visual views or flows allowing a single object or region, or multiple objects or regions, to be viewed from different perspectives and visual distances is described. The sequence of views can provide smooth flyovers over positions and details on objects that are deemed to be of interest, with changes in zoom level and/or velocity that are functions of the estimated complexity and/or unfamiliarity with features of the object. In an example, a flyover displaying different views on a map of a city arterial system on a small-screened mobile device is composed based on current traffic conditions, swooping up and down with parabolic trajectories, based on distances being traversed, and pausing at times over key traffic jams and other findings of interest based on the estimated visual complexity and predicted atypicality of situations." The patent application was filed on Sept. 15, 2009 (12/559,884). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,386,946.PN.&OS=PN/8,386,946&RS=PN/8,386,946 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Disney Enterprises Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Disney Enterprises, Burbank, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,386,942) developed by Jonathan David Barsook, Los Angeles, Matthew Paul Bice, San Francisco, and Marieke Iwema Watson, Redmond, Wash., for a "system and method for providing digital multimedia presentations." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "There is presented a system and method for providing a digital multimedia presentation. The system comprises a presentation server and a presentation content database configured to store a plurality of digital multimedia content items, accessible through the presentation server. The system also comprises a presentation control application configured to enable identification of a digital multimedia content item for presentation from among the plurality of digital multimedia content items. The presentation control application is configured to organize the plurality of digital multimedia content items into digital multimedia content sets displayed on a selection plane, enable navigation in a first navigation mode on the selection plane, group the plurality of digital multimedia content items into grouping subsets displayed on a presentation plane, enable navigation in the first navigation mode on the presentation plane, and enable navigation in a second navigation mode between the selection plane and the presentation plane." The patent application was filed on Aug. 12, 2008 (12/228,508). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,386,942.PN.&OS=PN/8,386,942&RS=PN/8,386,942 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for User Interface Localization Conflict Indication ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,941) developed by Bart De Smet, Bellevue, Wash., for a "user interface localization conflict indication." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A method for indicating localization conflicts. The method includes receiving information about a first graphical user interface element and receiving information about a second graphical user interface element. Localization data associated with the first graphical user interface element and the second graphical user interface element is accessed. A determination is made as to if there is a conflict between the first graphical user interface element and the second graphical user interface element. An indication of the results of the determining of whether there is a conflict between the first graphical user interface element and the second graphical user interface element is displayed." The patent application was filed on June 27, 2008 (12/147,575). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,386,941.PN.&OS=PN/8,386,941&RS=PN/8,386,941 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Softview Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Softview, Bellingham, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,959) developed by Gary B. Rohrabaugh, Bellingham, Wash., and Scott A. Sherman, Seattle, for a "scalable display of internet content on mobile devices." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Apparatus, methods and software for creating resolution-independent vector display of Internet (Web) content to allow Web pages to be scaled (zoomed) and panned for better viewing and/or to fit any resolution or screen size. According to one aspect, novel client-side processing of markup language-based Web content is provided that translates employs a rendering engine to interpret original page layout information into scalable page layout information. The scalable page layout information is then scaled and employed to enable the Web content to be rapidly rendered, zoomed, and panned. According to another aspect, display lists are generated to provide further enhancements in rendering speed. According to other aspects, bounding boxes are generated and scaled to lay out text and/or images on scaled Web content that is used to facilitate browsing of Web pages with zooming and panning." The patent application was filed on Nov. 29, 2010 (12/955,487). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,386,959.PN.&OS=PN/8,386,959&RS=PN/8,386,959 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** International Business Machines Assigned Patent for System and Method for Semantic Information Extraction Framework for Integrated Systems Management ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- International Business Machines, Armonk, N.Y., has been assigned a patent (8,386,410) developed by four co-inventors for a "system and method for semantic information extraction framework for integrated systems management." The co-inventors are Sandeep Gopisetty, Morgan Hill, Calif., Ramani R. Routray, San Jose, Calif., Aameek Singh, University Place, Wash., and Sandeep M. Uttamchandani, San Jose, Calif.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "The invention provides an enterprise administration system and method. The system includes a user interface module configured to enter administration terms or select a predetermined script of administration terms, a knowledge base configured to store system information, a meta information module configured to use the system information to store entity-objective indexes, and a workflow mapping module configured to map the administration terms to system information extraction tasks to extract relevant entities and objectives and apply a rule to the extracted entities and objectives for presenting the extracted entities and objectives in a ranked order." The patent application was filed on July 22, 2009 (12/507,630). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,386,410&OS=8,386,410&RS=8,386,410 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Concurrency Control for Confluent Trees ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,421) developed by Colin W. Reid, Redmond, Wash., and Philip A. Bernstein, Bellevue, Wash., for "concurrency control for confluent trees." The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Architecture that addresses the efficient detection of conflicts and the merging of data structures such as trees, when possible. The process of detecting conflicts and merging the trees is a meld operation. Confluent trees offer transactional consistency with some degree of isolation, and scaling out a concurrent system based on confluent trees can be accomplished where the meld operation is more efficient than the transaction computations. Transactions execute optimistically using lazily versioned "intention trees" that efficiently describe dependencies and effects using structure and content version information for each intention subtree. The data structure is modified by melding the intention trees in sequence, which causes each transaction to either commit (producing an incremental new version of the data structure) or abort (identifying a conflict which prevents the intention tree from being melded). The architecture is computationally efficient and completes without needing to access much of each tree." The patent application was filed on June 28, 2010 (12/824,254). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,386,421&OS=8,386,421&RS=8,386,421 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Personal Assistant for Task Utilization ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,929) developed by seven co-inventors for a "personal assistant for task utilization." The co-inventors are Igor Zaika, Seattle, Ned B. Friend, Seattle, Erez Kikin-Gil, Redmond, Wash., Matthew J. Kotler, Sammamish, Wash., Charles W. Parker, Sammamish, Wash., Jesse Clay Satterfield, Seattle, and Marta Rey-Babarro, Seattle.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "An electronic personal assistant that uses task information to obtain task performance assistance and help content is provided. Tasks from an electronic tasks application may be utilized by the personal assistant application to search a variety of information sources for task performance functionality and help content related to the tasks. The personal assistant may provide functionality to help a user actually perform a given task. Alternatively, once help content is obtained, a new task may be generated or the related task may be modified to provide the help content or to provide a link to the help content. The personal assistant application may provide the help content in a separate user interface or cause an application from which the help content is obtained to be launched." The patent application was filed on June 22, 2010 (12/820,600). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,386,929.PN.&OS=PN/8,386,929&RS=PN/8,386,929 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Amazon Technologies Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Amazon Technologies, Reno, Nev., has been assigned a patent (8,386,927) developed by Patrick G. Franklin, Ravensdale, Wash., and Jonathan Ian McCormack, Los Altos, Calif., for a gravity-based link assist.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A user interface of an electronic content rendering device implements gravity-based link assist to enhance user experience when browsing linked content. As a user moves a pointer along a trajectory across various links and objects, gravitational fields surrounding the links and objects provide a pulling effect that draws the pointer toward these fields. Responsive to pointer deceleration being detected when the pointer resides within a gravitational field, the link assist repositions the pointer to a center of the link or object relative to the trajectory of the pointer within the field." The patent application was filed on May 27, 2010 (12/789,157). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,386,927.PN.&OS=PN/8,386,927&RS=PN/8,386,927 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Virtual Inking Using Gesture Recognition ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,963) developed by four co-inventors for a "virtual inking using gesture recognition." The co-inventors are V. Kevin Russ, Bellevue, Wash., Ian M. Sands, Seattle, John A. Snavely, Seattle, and Edwin Russ Burtner, Everett, Wash.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A virtual inking device is created in response to a touch input device detecting a user's inking gesture. For example, when a user places one of their hands in a pen gesture (i.e. by connecting the index finger with the thumb while holding the other fingers near the palm), the user may perform inking operations. When the user changes the pen gesture to an erase gesture (i.e. making a fist) then the virtual pen may become a virtual eraser. Other inking gestures may also be utilized." The patent application was filed on May 28, 2009 (12/474,212). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum.htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=8,386,963.PN.&OS=PN/8,386,963&RS=PN/8,386,963 Written by Kusum Sangma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,424) developed by eight co-inventors for a "transparent access mechanism for local and remote data." The co-inventors are Nitin Sharma, Redmond, Wash., Todd Manion, Seattle, Akash Jeevan Sagar, Redmond, Wash., Nishant Gupta, Sammamish, Wash., Farookh Mohammed, Woodinville, Wash., Aditya G. Bhandarkar, Redmond, Wash., Karthik Raman, Issaquah, Wash., and Ori Amiga, Seattle.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A unified data access mechanism can provide transparent access to data that is either stored locally or remotely. Application programs can direct data requests and data modifications to this singular component without foreknowledge of where the data is stored. The unified data access mechanism can work in concert with a synchronization mechanism that can maintain data synchronization between local data and remote data. Requested or modified data can be identified as stored locally or remotely based on the namespace of the data. If the data is stored remotely, the user credentials associated with the user's process space within which the application program is executing can be utilized to identify, and then provide, relevant authentication information to the remote data store, should it be required." The patent application was filed on June 15, 2010 (12/815,713). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,386,424&OS=8,386,424&RS=8,386,424 Written by Neha Bharti; edited by Jaya Anand.

*** Intel Assigned Patent for System and Method for Facilitating Wireless Communication During a Pre-boot Phase of a Computing Device ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Intel, Santa Clara, Calif., has been assigned a patent (8,386,618) developed by six co-inventors for a "system and method for facilitating wireless communication during a pre-boot phase of a computing device." The co-inventors are Abdul M. Bailey, Tigard, Ore., Di Tang, Shanghai, China, Rahul Khanna, Portland, Ore., Vincent J. Zimmer, Federal Way, Wash., Kevin Y. Li, Shanghai, China, and James W. Edwards, Portland, Ore.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "A system, device, and method for facilitating wireless communications during a pre-boot phase of a computing device includes establishing a communications interface between a unified extensible firmware interface executed on the computing device and a wireless transceiver of the computing device during a pre-boot phase of the computing device. An OOB processor of the computing device processes data communications between the unified extensible firmware interface and the wireless communication circuit during the pre-boot phase by reformatting the data communications between wired and wireless communication standards." The patent application was filed on Sept. 24, 2010 (12/889,583). The full-text of the patent can be found at http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=8,386,618&OS=8,386,618&RS=8,386,618 Written by Arpi Sharma; edited by Anand Kumar.

*** Microsoft Assigned Patent for Generic Editor for Databases ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 27 -- Microsoft, Redmond, Wash., has been assigned a patent (8,386,429) developed by nine co-inventors for a "generic editor for databases." The co-inventors are William A. Manis, Sammamish, Wash., Lonny Bastien, Bellevue, Wash., Antony Scott Williams, Mercer Island, Wash., Anthony Christopher Bloesch, Vashon, Wash., Gunter Leeb, Redmond, Wash., Haroon Ahmed, Bellevue, Wash., Randy S. Kimmerly, Woodinville, Wash., Arye Gittelman, Mercer Island, Mass., and Donald F. Box, Bellevue, Wash.

The abstract of the patent published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office states: "Facilitating generic database editing to allow for data to be received from a user for entry into a database without requiring the data to conform to schema constraints for the database. A method includes examining a first schema for a first database. The first schema including a first set of constraints specified in the first schema on data to be entered into the first database. The method further For more information about Targeted News Service products and services, please contact: Myron Struck, editor, Targeted News Service LLC, Springfield, Va., 703/304-1897; editor@targetednews.com; http://targetednews.com.

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